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Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass was an  African-American  social reformer, abolitionist, orator,writer,and statesman. After escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York, gaining note for his dazzling oratory  and incisive antislavery writings. Douglass was a firm believer in the  equality  of all peoples, whether  black,  female,  Native American, or recent  immigrant. In his time, he was described by abolitionists as a living counterexample to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens.