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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, leading the nation through the Civil War and paving the way for the abolition of slavery. As the war progressed, Lincoln moved toward ending slavery by enacting the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, an executive order that freed all slaves in 10 states. He also used the U.S. Army to protect escaped slaves, encouraged the  border states  to outlaw slavery, and pushed through Congress the  Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which permanently abolished slavery and involuntary servitude.